Manipal Centre for Advance Physiotherapy, Sports & Neurorehabilitation
Rehabilitation Science is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on human function and disability. Various healthcare professionals such as physiotherapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, orthotics & prosthetic engineers, rehabilitation psychologist, nutritionist works as team enhancing physical and psychosocial functioning, participation in life situations with improved quality of life of people who have been affected by chronic or reversible physical & psychosocial disabilities/impairments due to various disease process.
Advance is medical sciences has increased the probability of survivals of peoples who have suffered a critical illness or has suffered life-threatening disabling disease such brain stroke, spinal cord injury, cardiac arrest
and other disorders which requires prolonged hospitalisation and intensive care. These survived population need structured rehabilitation to get back to the community with improved quality of life.
Rehabilitation plays a significant role in various neurosurgical and orthopaedic restorative surgical procedures. Also changing lifestyle working culture has increased the incidence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders which very effectively be treated with well-structured physiotherapy interventions.
Centre for rehabilitation sciences works in a collaborative manner with other medical specialities to deliver patient-centric optimal care to the patients who need rehabilitation services few of specialities to name are orthopaedics, sports medicine, critical care, cardiac sciences, oncology, paediatric, medicine and gynaecology and many more…
A team of various healthcare professional offered in close collaboration with medical specialities:
Physiotherapists manage movement dysfunction and enhance physical and functional abilities. They help in restoring function, improve mobility, relieve pain and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patients suffering from injuries or diseases. A physiotherapist
examines the patient to establish his/her sensed needs focusing on strength, flexibility, sitting and standing balance, coordination and build a treatment plan using exercise regime, techniques and modalities.
Occupational therapists specialize in restoring independence in patients of all ages who exhibit impairments in physical, psychological or cognitive function. A comprehensive assessment helps our therapists to develop individualized plans of care that enable a patient to systematically overcome barriers to social and functional participation. We provide a thorough analysis of daily living activities and share recommendations to assist patients in resuming life roles.
They assist in environmental modifications such as an adapted commode, tub seats, grab bars, shower chairs, non-skid flooring, ramps and handrails, wheelchair seating and positioning aids.
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY
Speech and Language Pathology focuses on evaluation and treatment of a variety of communication, cognitive and swallowing disorders in acute Inpatient and Outpatient settings for all ages. These are related to neurological or organic conditions and injuries as well as developmental delays. Programmes include Neurological Rehabilitation for Dysarthria, Aphasia, Cognition, Dysphagia, Voice Disorders, Fluency Disorders, Memory, etc. A speech therapist provides specialized Oral motor therapy to correct an imbalance between the tongue and facial muscles used at rest and for swallowing. Speech-language pathologists are trained to treat disorders of speech, language, cognition, or motor, voice, swallowing and hearing. They help to restore cognitive, memory, speech, language and swallowing skills.
PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS
Prosthetics and orthotics are clinical disciplines that deal with artificial limbs
(prostheses) for people with amputations and supportive devices (orthoses) for people with musculoskeletal weakness or neurological disorders.
Prosthetics involves the use of artificial limbs (prostheses) to enhance and restore the function persons who have lost their limb. Prosthetics includes materials, alignment, design, and construction to match the functional needs of the individual. Orthotics involves design and fabrication of external braces (orthoses) as part of a patient’s treatment process. The orthosis is used to control or support the deformed joints or weak muscle. Orthoses may be used in various areas of the body including the upper and lower limbs, cranium, or spine.
Rehabilitation psychology is a specialised area of psychological sciences which deals with the people with mental and physical disabilities. They work to enhance the mental and social wellbeing thus improving quality of life. Rehabilitation psychology involved in the rehabilitation of childhood to elderly and sportspersons. Rehabilitation psychologist works on neurocognitive status, mood and emotions, self-esteem and self-determination to help individuals to cope with chronic, traumatic, or congenital injuries or illnesses. For examples patients with spinal cord injury, brain injury, stroke, amputation, cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, limb weakness, chronic pain, congenital or chronic developmental disorder and chronic mental illness would be benefited with rehabilitation intervention.
Rehabilitation nutritionist helps people with chronic dysfunction, persons with disability and who has been survived from disabling diseases, these group of people has unique challenges and demand of nutrition to get back to active lifestyle and to maximum possible physical independence.