Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine dealing with an adequate diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases such as those related to joints, connective tissue disorders, soft tissues, vasculitis and autoimmune diseases. It is a multidisciplinary field that works in tandem with different medical specialties such as Internal Medicine, Genetics & Orthopedics.
The Department of Rheumatology at Manipal Hospital Delhi handles the full spectrum of rheumatologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, SLE ( Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Fibromyalgia, Pseudogout, Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankolysing Spondylitis and Sjogren’s syndrome. We also deal with other diseases such as Scleroderma and Dermatomysotis. Our rheumatologists are proficient in managing various complications and are well-trained to provide advanced treatments and therapies.
Manipal Hospital Delhi has the most advanced and cutting-edge equipment and infrastructure like an ultrasonography, C-Arm and Capillaroscopy for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Some of the prevalent rheumatoid diseases are:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis:It is a systemic autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks your own tissues and causes joint pain, swelling and stiffness. This may result in an inflammation around the lungs, heart and similar joints of the body like the wrists and ankles, fatigue, low red blood cell count. The cure for this arthritis consists of a class of medicines called Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) to slow down the progression of the disease, and in some cases, surgery to repair the fusion joints.
- SLE:It is also an autoimmune disease which can affect multiple organs of the body. Common symptoms include joint pain and stiffness, rashes, hair loss, chest pain due to inflammation in the lining of lungs and heart, seizures, fatigue and blue or white fingers or toes when exposed to cold. It can be controlled with the help of immunosuppressants.
- Osteoarthritis:This condition involves damage to the cartilage, which surrounds the bones. It can result in pain and swelling, particularly in the knees, hips and joints. Osteoarthritis treatment is aimed at improving the function and mobility of the joints. Other measures include rest, exercise and weight reduction, physical therapy and knee braces.
Some common medical procedures in rheumatology include the ANA test, which detects the antinuclear antibodies in the blood, some of which are specific to certain diseases. A Rheumatoid Factor test measures the amount of proteins produced by the immune system in your blood. High levels of proteins are usually associated with autoimmune diseases.