Thoracic surgery, also known as cardiothoracic surgery, refers to the field of medicine involved in surgical operations on the organs in the chest, such as the heart, lungs and esophagus. Common thoracic procedures include treatment of lung and esophageal cancer, heart and lung transplants and coronary artery bypass surgery. Cardiothoracic surgeons are trained and certified in thoracic surgery and can focus on cardiac surgery, general thoracic surgery, transplant or a combination of these specialities.
Major sub-specialities of Thoracic Surgery
Majority of the thoracic surgeons focus on one of the following specialities, each of which has its own characteristics:
Cardiac – Coronary artery surgery is the most common operation due to the prevalence of coronary heart disease. It is a major, but relatively safe procedure.
Thoracic – This pertains to the conditions of the esophagus, lungs, chest wall and the diaphragm.
Congenital – This is performed only by a relatively small group of highly skilled and talented surgeons.
Main Operations in Thoracic Surgery
Wedge Resection: This involves removal of a part of the lung or a tumour and tissue surrounding cancer.
Pneumonectomy: Removal of the entire lung along with the lymph nodes.
Anatomical Segmental Resection: Removal of a tumour, blood vessels and the lung segment where a tumour is located.
Pleurectomy: Removal of the inner lining of the chest cavity.
Lobectomy: Removal of a lobe of the lung.
Coronary Artery Graft: Replacement of the coronary arteries with veins or arteries taken from elsewhere in the body.
Manipal Hospitals Delhi has state-of-the-art infrastructure and employs the latest techniques in performing thoracic surgery including minimally invasive procedures such as Video-assisted thoracic surgery, robotic surgery, laparoscopic surgery and others. Such types of modern thoracic procedures are performed by machines operated with the help of a surgeon and make very small incisions. This significantly reduces the recovery time of a patient.
The faculty at Manipal Hospital Delhi consists of expert surgeons and doctors who are well-versed in surgical procedures for major conditions like chest wall tumours, reconstructions and major mediastinal tumours. They are proficient in surgical treatment for all kinds of thoracic conditions related to the different organs such as the lungs, esophagus, chest wall, mediastinum, chest wall and the diaphragm.
The cutting-edge technology and qualified staff at Manipal Hospital Delhi combine with each other to make us one of the most preferred centres for general as well as vascular thoracic surgeries.